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Fortieth Annual Report 


Trustees of Shaw University 


Secretary of the American Baptist 
Home Mission Society 

President's Report. 

Raleigh, N. C, May 31, 1905. 

Dear Brethren: — I submit herewith my tenth Annual Report, 
which is the fortieth since the establishment of the Institution. 
The enrollment for the year ended May 31 was five hundred and 
four, surpassing previous records. On account of limited accom- 
modations we began, on August 20th, to refuse applications for the 
school-year 1904-5. At the April and May commencements there 
were sixty graduates; twenty-one in Medicine, six in Pharmacy, 
two in Law and thirty-one from the College and Normal Depart- 
ments. More than thirty certificates were granted for completion 
of work in the various Industrial Departments. 

Intellectually and spiritually the year has been successftil and 
there has been a good degree of co-operation on the part of Faculty 
and students. The average attendance was large, and the students 
generally are beginning to understand the importance of being 
present at the opening of the session and remaining until the 
close. It has been a hard year for the teachers, many of whom 
have been overworked on account of the large classes and limited 
facilities for doing their work. 

Financially the year has been a little better than the last. The 
slight increase in charges augmented somewhat the total receipts, 
but the severity of the winter, making such large demands for fuel, 
and the continued high prices for groceries and other supplies, 
made a deficit inevitable. It is considerably smaller than last 
year, and it is hoped next year the receipts will equal the expendi- 

I wish to call attention again to recommendations previously 
made showing the necessity for improvements. While the year 
has been reasonably prosperous and successful, we have been 
hampered by lack of library, reading-room and class-room facili- 
ties, as well as inadequate chapel, dining room and kitchen accom- 
modations. It seems almost inconceivable that an Institution of 
the grade of Shaw University, with an enrollment of 504 students 
and sixty graduates in a single year, can do its work as well as it 
has. It will be impossible to keep up with the educational 
progress and spirit of the times unless there are enlargements and 
improvements in practically every Department. 

The movement ou the part of the colored people to raise funds 
to meet the conditional gift of the Home Mission Society is going 
on successfully under the energetic management of Rev. J. A. 
Whitted, D. D. When this movement has been brought to com- 
pletion, the girls' accommodations will be reasonably adequate, 
and the men's Industrial Department will be well provided for. 

In view of the continued large attendance, the most careful at- 
tention must be paid to sanitation. To this end the city govern- 
ment should be induced to extend the sewer through Smithfield St. 
Connections can then be made with this sewer from the Leonard 
Medical and Pharmacy Buildings and the Medical Dormitory, and 
the necessary toilet and bath room facilities provided in the Medical 
Dormitory and additional facilities of the same nature in Shaw 
Hall. The laundry, kitchen and dining room facilities are in- 
adequate to meet the demands made upon them and it will be im- 
possible to run these departments with any degree of satisfaction 
to the students, till more room and better accommodations are 

It is hardly just to hold the President and Faculty responsible 
for an harmonious and acceptable administration of these depart- 
ments under present conditions. The chapel is woefully in- 
adequate and must be enlarged at an early date or a new one pro- 
vided. The only school rooms for the Literary Departments are 
in the basement of a dormitory that ought to be used for other 
purposes. A large recitation Hall must be erected at a very early 
date or Shaw cannot possibly maintain a high standard in her 
College and Normal work. 

Upon my request the Executive Board of the Home Mission 
Society recommended to the Women's Home Mission Society 
in Chicago the discontinuance of The Missionary Training 
School. This request was not made from any desire to hamper 
the work of the Home Mission Society, or because the char- 
acter and quality of the work done in The Missionary Train- 
ing School were not of a high order. But the Medical De- 
partment has so grown in numbers and increased in im- 
portance in the last few years that the maintenance of a high 
standard and increased efficiency demand the use of this property 
as a nucleus for a larger Hospital and Training school for Nurses. 
It is recommended that the building hitherto used by The Mis- 
sionary Training School be devoted to hospital purposes until 
funds can be obtained for the erection of a spacious hospital, when 
the present building can be converted into a Training School for 
Nurses, a purpose for which it is well adapted. 

This Report should not close without referring to the most 

unique and trying experience through which the Institution has 
passed since it was established in 1865. On February 5th one of the 
young women in Estey was taken sick with a mild type of smallpox. 
She was at once removed to the smallpox hospital in the suburbs 
of the city. Between Feb. 5 and March 5 there were 12 cases, only 
4 of which were genuine cases of smallpox, the remaining 8 being 
suspects, but the whole 12 were removed to the smallpox hospital 
as soon as their cases appeared at all suspicious, and they remain- 
ed there an average of sixteen days. Sunday evening, Feb. 26, 
the Institution was placed under quarantine, which was 
raised Monday morning, March 20. A few of the students lost 
their heads and four were arrested and fined by the Mayor for 
breaking the quarantine. It may justly be regarded remarkable 
that under these trying conditions the regular work of the Insti- 
tution was carried on through the entire period of sickness 
and quarantine. Too much cannot be said in praise of a 
large majority of the students for being calm and level-headed at a 
time when it would have been comparatively easy to lose their 
judgement and break up the work in all Departments. Since the 
Professional Departments closed on April 18, all the dormitory 
rooms, school rooms and other places of public assembly have 
been thoroughly fumigated by Dr. M. D. Bowen, the resident 
physician. Dr. Bowen during the long trying weeks, both by dav 
and by night, handled the situation admirably and was highly 
praised by the city physician and health officer. The city 
authorities could not have treated a white Institution more care- 
fully or considerately than they did Shaw University. Great 
praise is also due Miss Charlotte Murray, the matron of the girls' 
dormitory, where the epidemic broke out and the severest cases 
occurred, for her self control and wise management of her building. 

I append herewith my financial report that has been forwarded 
to Mr. Frank T. Monlton, Treasurer. 

Medical Department, 

Tuition $2 183.00 

Board 591 1 .00 

Contributions 613.07 

Old Accounts 66.00 

Slater Fund 1000.00 

J. W. Leonard Fund 250.00 

Sundries 36.55 

Deficit 879.60 



School vSupplies $ 234.60 

Boarding Department 2987.76 

Repairs 31.80 

Additions to Property 209.10 

Student Labor 9.76 


Jas. McKee M. D $ 650.00 

A. W. Knox, M.D 650.00 

K. P. Battle 650.00 

W. I. Royster 650.00 

R. H. Lewis 325.00 

J. M. Pickel 650.00 

A. W. Goodwin 650.00 

Superintendent of Hospital, .... 135.00 

Hosp. nurses 267.67 

Janitor Service 146.67 



Dissecting material, Hospital supplies, 

travelling expenses, etc 484.68 

Deficit 1903 — 1904 2207.18 


Pharmacy Department. 


Tuition $ 604.00 

Board 1024.00 

Old accounts 22.00 



School Supplies $ 43.25 

Boarding Department 557-04 

Salary C. B. Crowell 650.00 

Sundries , Travelling Expenses 89.00 

Surplus 3*0.71 

$ 1,650.00 

Law Department. 


Tuition $ 104.00 

Board 100.00 

Deficit 126.76 



School Supplies $ 11.44 

Boarding Department 75-96 

Salary E. A. Johnson 204.00 

Sundries 39-36 

Literary Department. 


Tuition $ 2790.92 

Board 9244.20 

Contributions 713-89 

Old accounts 69.43 

Slater Fund 1500.00 

All other sources 327,64 

I 330.76 

$ 14.646. 

expenditures. * 

School Supplies $ 479.26 

Boarding Department 5850.54 

Repairs 831.25 

Special Improvements 599.26 

Student Labor 843.58 


M. L. Hamilton $ 400.00 

J. M. Linton, on acc't 300.00 

E. C. Pegues 400 00 

I. L- Bronson 400.00 

Five Assts 1240.00 

Other Employees 1311.17 


Gratuities in rebates 251.74 


Travelling Expenses, printing, diplomas, 

etc 1648. 79 

Surplus 90.49 

$ 14,646.08 
Literary Department. 


A. B. H. M. S $ 8280.00 

Woman's Society of Chicago 680.00 

$ 8,960.00 


Chas. F. Meserve $2000. 00 

N. F. Roberts 650.00 

A. W. Pegues 800.00 

M. D. Bowen 500.00 

C. R. Frazer 600.00 

J. L. Levister 600.00 

G. A. Edwards 800.00 

Ida J. Brown 500.00 

Jennie M. Linton on acc't 100.00 

B. Maie Boyd 369.37 

Charlotte Murray 480.00 

Addie E. Whittier 400.00 

Mrs. L. H. Johnson 80.63 

Emily C. Ayer 400.00 

Emma L- Miller 360.00 

May C. Hamilton 320.00 

$ 8,960.00 



Medical Department $ 10,059.62 

Pharmacy Department 1,650.00 

Law Department 204.00 

Literary Department 14,646.08 

Appropriations for Salaries 8,960.00 

Deficit 605.16 

$36, 124.86 


Medical Department $ 10,939,22 

Pharmacy Department 1,339.29 

Daw Department *. 330. 76 

Literary Department T 4>555 59 

Salaries from Appropriations 8,960.00 


Fraternally submitted,